The Russian government has adopted various national policies and programs in the last decade in response to population ageing in the country. We analyzed the targets and actions of two ongoing healthy ageing policies, and how their effectiveness could be improved. We suggest the national (Federal) level authorities to take the following recommendations into account:
- Recommendation 1: To separate program targets and indicators by gender, and to develop different actions for men and women on the national level, taking into account regional differences in demographics across the Russian Federation.
- Recommendation 2: To separate program targets and indicators by age between the younger and older elderly, and to tailor different supportive activities for each sub-group in the highly heterogeneous category of older population.
- Recommendation 3: To create a mechanism for collaboration between the social service and health care sectors to enable the development of a comprehensive and long-term care system. In this development work it is important to analyze best practices from the international experience, and to adapt them to the Russian context.
- Recommendation 4:To take the urban-rural dimension and the urbanization process into account in the program design. Many good practices and successful actions have been developed in large cities, and therefore need to be carefully analyzed to adapt them to the conditions of remote sparsely populated and rural territories in Russia.
Download the policy brief: Healthy ageing policy in Russia needs to consider gender, age, and territory (pdf)
For more information, please contact the authors:
Anastasia Emelyanova, University of Oulu, anastasia.emelyanova [a] oulu.fi
Elena Golubeva, Northern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangesk, Russia, e.golubeva [a] narfu.ru
This policy brief was written as a part of the NDI Policy Brief Training held in October 2020.
Northern Dimension Institute Policy Brief 7 - December 2019
Systemic biomonitoring needed to mitigate Arctic health risks
This Policy Brief highlights the need for biomonitoring to assess the risks of public health disorders and negative demographic implications caused by the ingestion of hazardous pollutants into the human body. These pollutants can accumulate in food chains and spread with migratory species of commercial fish, birds and wild animals. Consequences of climate change increase the ingestion risks, and the dependence of indigenous peoples on the resources in their environment makes them particularly vulnerable. Hence, the relevance of this issue for Russia and the Arctic countries is obvious and requires attention.
The mitigation of negative effects of climate change on the health of indigenous people in the Arctic requires the establishment of systemic biomonitoring at the legislative level.
The monitoring must
- be implemented on a regular basis
- take into account not only the effect of pollutants to the body, but also the deficiency of vital trace elements, such as iodine, iron, magnesium, etc., which are essential for the proper functioning of the body.
- include chemical analysis of environmental samples, animals and birds, which indigenous peoples consume, as well as human biological samples (urine, blood, breast milk, hair, teeth).
Download the Policy Brief Systemic biomonitoring needed to mitigate Arctic health risks
Feel free to contact the team of authors at the Arctic Biomonitoring Laboratory, Northern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia, for more information:
Anna Trofimova a.trofimova[at]narfu.ru
Julia Varakina yu.andreeva[at]nsrfu.ru
This Policy Brief elaborates recommendations for developing digital technologies that improve the safety of navigation and reduce shipping costs in the Arctic. This issue is of utmost importance for Russia and European countries, since the growing freight traffic requires prompt and secure provision of modern and innovative logistics solutions. The Northern Dimension Partnership for Transportation and Logistics provides a platform for cooperation in this area.
The following actions are suggested:
- Organization of a joint digital technology forum for all states interested in the development of the Arctic transport highway to present new solutions that would ensure efficient logistic management of the Arctic seas.
- Establishment of a joint scientific and educational consortium for active collaboration of information technology companies and scientists in the Northern Dimension area. The consortium could form common proposals in the field of safety and rescue at sea for relevant national ministries and international institutions such as the Arctic Council.
- Foundation of a unified “road map” for all emergency services (primarily EMERCOM) explaining the legal and managerial nuances of interaction and response in the event of an emergency.
- Formation of a list of topical issues from suppliers planning or already engaged in the transportation of goods through the Arctic sea, their wishes and suggestions.
The Policy Brief can be downloaded here
For more information, please contact the team of authors at Higher School of Economics, Management and Law of Northern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia.
Corresponding author Prof. Maksim Zadorin m.zadorin[at]narfu.ru.
This policy brief reports key findings of a study carried out by the NDPHS Expert Group for Non-communicable diseases. The study analyzed official mortality data on premature deaths under 70 years of age in eight countries in the Northern Dimension area (Belarus, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Sweden) and found that the PYLL rate (“Potential Years of Life Lost”) differs considerably among ND area countries. A striking feature is its gender difference, being on average 2.5 times higher for men than for women. Most of this difference is due to external causes of death such as suicides and traffic accidents. Alcohol-related causes also have a heavy male over-representation. The general development in public health outcome was however good in 2003-2013, resulting in an average 26% PYLL reduction. Encouraging trends include a decrease in losses caused by vascular (heart) diseases, cancer and external causes, such as suicides and alcohol-related causes, in all ND countries that participated in the study.
The results of the study led to the following recommendations:
- Recommendation 1. Premature mortality can be prevented effectively by designing and implementing health and economic policies on health promotion and disease prevention. Evidence-based treatment of diseases also makes a difference, but is less effective than the prevention of diseases and accidents.
- Recommendation 2. Positive changes in male health behavior have an immediate decreasing effect on overall premature mortality. Policies should be targeted towards improving traffic and occupational safety, and decreasing harmful use of alcohol.
- Recommendation 3. Public health strategies should be intersectoral and involve all stakeholders. Practising Health in All Policies (HiAP), promoting healthy lifestyles and holistic healthcare are crucial for preventing and avoiding many premature deaths.
- Recommendation 4. PYLL rate was selected in 2015 as the indicator to measure the progress of the current 2016-2020 Strategy of the NDPHS. Continuing this practice in the renewed strategy beyond 2020 is highly recommended. The ongoing ND PYLL-2 study should also pre-assess the 2020 COVID-19 caused years of life lost in order to evaluate its burden on the public health of populations.
- Recommendation 5.Health policy makers are invited to discuss the results of the PYLL-2 study, launched by the NDPHS NCD Expert Group in 2020, in workshops that will be organized in 2021 in selected NDPHS countries.
The Policy Brief can be downloaded here
For more information contact the author Mikko Vienonen, NDPHS/NCD Expert Group, vienonen.m.[at]gmail.com
The NDPC Annual report is based on the NDPC Action Plan 2015, adopted by NDPC Steering Committee on March 24-25, 2015 in Helsinki. The Action Plan follows the overall aims of the NDPC set forth by the NDPC Memorandum of Understanding of May 20, 2010 and the NDPC strategy for 2012-2016. The NDPC also bases its work on the NDI report 11 Dimensions: Cultural and Creative Industry Policy Development and Practices within the Area of NDPC (2015).
Please read the resport on NDPC website.
This issue of the NDPHS e-Newsletter updates about the strategic planning processes, which were carried out during 2014 and 2015: the NDPHS Strategy 2020 and the EUSBSR Action Plan have both been adopted. Their main goals and implications for the future are presented in two articles.
NDPHS e-Newsletters can be downloaded from the the NDPHS website.
This issue of the NDPHS e-Newsletter opens with an article about the recently held ministerial-level Partnership Annual Conference (PAC), which adopted a declaration on the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance, the latter being the topic addressed during the PAC side-event held on the day before the Conference. Actions taken by the NDPHS to increase policy and other decision makers’ understanding and recognition of the importance of health and social well-being for the economy and other policy areas are presented in one of the articles along with their outcomes.
To read the e-Newsletter, please visit the NDPHS's website.
A new and extended version of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Clean Shipping Guide has been released in both electronic and print form. The publication, aimed at all mariners at sea, gives a concise and easily understandable overview of the regional environmental and safety of navigation measures applied in the Baltic Sea to maritime traffic.
Read more and download the guide on EUSBSR Website.
Design Policy Monitor - Reviewing Innovation and Design Policies across Europe
Authors: Anna Whicher, Piotr Swiatek & Gavin Cawood (15 January 2015)
The Design Policy Monitor collates existing statistics on the performance on design in Europe in order to provide input for evidence-based policy-making. The findings reveal a number of intriguing insights: investment in design by government innovation departments is increasing and in 2014, 25 EU member states had design included in national policy. Between March 2012 and December 2014, SEE has delivered 102 hands-on workshops engaging over 800 policy-makers and influenced 17 policies and 40 programmes related to design to a value of €6.2m.
The Baltic Sea has in terms of areal coverage the highest protection of all European marine regions; 12% of the HELCOM area is designated as marine protected areas (MPAs) thus, the target set by the UN Convention on Biological Diversity of conserving at least 10% of coastal and marine areas has been reached in the Baltic Sea.
The network of coastal and marine protected areas in the Baltic Sea, or HELCOM MPAs, is however not yet ecologically coherent, concludes the new HELCOM assessment. A coherent network, an achievement only possible through cooperation between the Baltic Sea countries, would ensure that the MPAs in the Baltic Sea are providing protection beyond the individual sites. Satisfactory coherence is important as it would contribute significantly to the biological diversity in the Baltic Sea and to favourable status of habitats and species, which are both major goals for HELCOM.
Read more and download the assessment on HELCOM website.