Northern Dimension Institute Briefing Note | February 2021
PROSPECTS FOR THE DEVELOPEMENT OF THE WHITE SEA-BALTIC CANAL
By Maksim Zadorin, Northern Arctic Federal University, Arkhangelsk
m.zadorin [a] narfu.ru
The White Sea-Baltic Canal, constructed in 1931-1933 as a large-scale Soviet infrastructure project and therefore commonly referred to as the “Stalin’s Canal” , often evokes negative connotations due to its history. The Canal itself connects Lake Onega to the White Sea, but it also provides access from the White Sea to the Baltic Sea and to the Volga-Baltic Waterway via Neva and Svir rivers and Lake Ladoga (Fig. 1) . Therefore, the Canal is an integral part of the waterway infrastructure in the Northern Dimension area, and provides one option to connect Baltic Sea ports to the White Sea and further to the Northern Sea Route.
Fig. 1 The location of the White Sea-Baltic Canal
The White Sea–Baltic Canal route is 227 kilometers long and it runs from the village of Povenets on Lake Onega to the city of Belomorsk on the White Sea. Its infrastructure is considered sophisticated even according to contemporary standards, as the channel with an average depth of 5 meters includes more than 100 complex hydraulic structures including 15 weirs, 19 locks, 49 dams, 12 waterways, and other devices. Today, the canal is the largest hydro-technical and transport facility and part of the unified deep-water system of the European part of Russia. The infrastructure of the White Sea-Baltic Canal was improved between 1976 and 1983, including the reconstruction of 13 lock chambers on a rocky foundation, rebuilding of 27 out of 38 bays (hydraulic retaining wall or flyover), and replacing 7 pairs of riveted sluice gates with all-welded gates .
The traffic on the White Sea-Baltic Canal has increased significantly in recent years, both as to freight traffic and passenger traffic (Fig. 2) :
Fig. 2 Growth in the volume of freight and tourist traffic along the White Sea-Baltic Canal 2018-2019
Recently, the development of the White Sea-Baltic Canal has been taken on the agenda of the authorities of the Republic of Karelia, the Russian region on the territory of which the Canal runs. This is due to the tourism potential of cultural heritage in Northwest Russia, including the tourist route to the Solovetsky Islands that passes through the Canal, and to the increased freight traffic on the Northern Sea Route that the Canal is linked to.
As to measures addressed to the development of the White Sea-Baltic Canal as a tourist route, the Government of the Republic of Karelia approved in the end of July 2020 a document called “Procedure for the implementation of measures of the individual program of socio-economic development of the Republic for the period from 2020 to 2024” (hereinafter - the Economic Program of Karelia) . This program includes two measures that address the development of the White Sea-Baltic Canal, particularly as a tourist route.
Elaboration of the concept for the development of the White Sea-Baltic Canal (2020, responsible governmental body: Ministry of Transport of the Republic)
Working out the issue of creating and promoting an international water cruise route along the coast of the Scandinavian Peninsula (Norway) to the city of Arkhangelsk and further through the White Sea-Baltic Canal to St. Petersburg (2020, responsible governmental body: Ministry of Tourism of the Republic).
Furthermore, the text of the Economic Program of Karelia includes the development of tourist routes in the following directions, jointly with the Finnish side:
“Saimaa Geopark – Syväoro checkpoint – the projected national park “Ladoga Skerries”.
The infrastructure for these routes (roads and railways, inland water transport) is planned to be prepared through the modernization of the Canal and the development of the archaeological complex “White Sea Petroglyphs” (application to UNESCO) (Fig. 3)  .
There are, however, some regulatory and infrastructural constraints to the development of international tourism operations on the Canal. Tourist companies operating on the Canal mainly use river passenger ships, which, according to the latest rules of the Russian River Register (RRR) are prohibited from entering the sea. Therefore, tourists are moved to a ferryboat, which raises the question about the use of large cruise ships of foreign companies that exceed the dimensions of the canal .
As to the prospects of developing freight traffic on the Canal, the Government of Republic of Karelia proposed in 2019 to make the White Sea-Baltic Canal as part of the Northern Sea route, which would give boost for the development of its infrastructure. Until now, there have been no concrete steps to implement this idea, but the need to improve the transportation and logistics infrastructure on the Northern Sea Route in general has been recognized in the Federal policies of the Russian government. For example, the development of the Northern Sea Route is included as one of the projects in the document “Comprehensive plan for the modernization and expansion of the trunk infrastructure for the period up to 2024”  that the Russian Government approved in the fall 2018. More generally, the Plan intends to develop both East-West and North-South transport corridors for the transportation of goods.
The development need is obvious in view of the rising economic activity in the Arctic and resulting traffic on the Northern Sea Route, which has reflected in the increase in the volume of cargo turnover in Arctic ports. For example, in 2016, the total cargo turnover of all Arctic ports was 49.7 million tons, and by 2018 it had already reached 92.7 million tons of which the cargo turnover of the White Sea port of Murmansk amounted to 60.7 million tons .
In this context, the development of the White-Sea Baltic Canal as part of the transportation infrastructure related to the Northern Sea Route would be justified. This would, however, require a comprehensive assessment of the short-term and long-term economic potential of the White Sea-Baltic Canal. This assessment should address issues such as the capacity of the Canal port to receive large-tonnage vessels , which have been identified as bottlenecks for the development of transportation activities on the Canal.
 Belomorsko-Baltiyskiy kanal imeni Stalina. Istoriya stroitel'stva 1931–1934 gg. / pod red. M. Gor’kogo, L. Averbakha, S. Firina [White Sea-Baltic Canal named after Stalin. Construction history 1931–1934 / ed. by M. Gorky, L. Averbakh, S. Firin]. Moscow, 1934.
 White Sea-Baltic Canal Map. Wikimedia.org.
 The history of the construction of the White Sea-Baltic Canal [Istoriya stroitel’stva Belomorsko-Baltiyskogo kanala]. August 02, 2013, 09:30 (updated: 12:17 01.03.2020). RIA Novosti. URL: https://ria.ru/20130802/953345579.html
Governmental Resolution of the Republic of Karelia of July 29, 2020 No. 371-R “On Approval of the Procedure for the Implementation of Measures of the Individual Program of Socio-Economic Development of Karelia for 2020–2024”. URL: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/465425041
 Plan modernizatsii Belomorkanala vklyuchat v programmu razvitiya Karelii do 2024 goda [Modernization plan of the White Sea-Baltic Canal into the development program of Karelia until 2024], October 20, 2020, 16:29. TASS. URL: https://tass.ru/ekonomika/9767725
 Stoyanka u petroglifov. Proekt turisticheskogo kompleksa ryadom s belomorskimi petroglifami: neytral’naya arkhitektura dlya budushchego ob’ekta iz spiska UNESCO [Parking at the petroglyphs. The project of a tourist complex near the White Sea petroglyphs: neutral architecture for a future object from the UNESCO list], October 01, 2020. Archi.ru. URL: https://archi.ru/russia/87514/stoyanka-u-petroglifov
 Serova N.A., Serova V.A. Critical tendencies of the transport infrastructure development in the Russian Arctic. Arktika i Sever [Arctic and North], 2019, no. 36, pp. 42–56. DOI: 10.17238/issn2221-2698.2019.36.42
The Russian government has adopted various national policies and programs in the last decade in response to population ageing in the country. We analyzed the targets and actions of two ongoing healthy ageing policies, and how their effectiveness could be improved. We suggest the national (Federal) level authorities to take the following recommendations into account:
Recommendation 1: To separate program targets and indicators by gender, and to develop different actions for men and women on the national level, taking into account regional differences in demographics across the Russian Federation.
Recommendation 2: To separate program targets and indicators by age between the younger and older elderly, and to tailor different supportive activities for each sub-group in the highly heterogeneous category of older population.
Recommendation 3: To create a mechanism for collaboration between the social service and health care sectors to enable the development of a comprehensive and long-term care system. In this development work it is important to analyze best practices from the international experience, and to adapt them to the Russian context.
Recommendation 4:To take the urban-rural dimension and the urbanization process into account in the program design. Many good practices and successful actions have been developed in large cities, and therefore need to be carefully analyzed to adapt them to the conditions of remote sparsely populated and rural territories in Russia.
This Policy Brief summarizes the key outcomes and recommendations from the Northern Dimension Expert Seminar1: Nuclear Waste Cleanup in the Arctic, which gathered together leading international experts and key stakeholders on nuclear cleanup projects.
The Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership’s Nuclear Window (NDEP NW) is an established platform for eliminating nuclear hazards inherited from the Soviet nuclear fleet operations in the Arctic. The strength of the NDEP NW projects is their operating model, where the NDEP grants administered by the EBRD act as a catalyst for local and complementary national funding, including in-kind support from the beneficiaries.
After years of terrestrial nuclear cleanup, Russia and international actors are taking the remediation of hazardous sunken objects as a strategic priority, and the recent European Commission funded feasibility study identified 17,000 sunken nuclear objects in the Arctic Sea, and drafted a four-step action plan for the management of six most hazardous objects.
The Expert Seminar concluded that the nuclear cleanup of the most hazardous sunken objects should start from the lifting and dismantling of the most urgent ones: nuclear submarines K-27 and K-159, and that the NDEP NW would be a feasible platform for these projects. The learnings from the expert seminar lead to following recommendations for future nuclear cleanup projects on sunken objects in the Arctic:
Recommendation 1: To encourage the Russian Federation to continue its work on establishing a legal and regulatory framework for cleanup of sunken nuclear objects.
Recommendation 2: To inform international donors about how Russian legislation would enable/constrain international cooperation in the potential lifting operation.
Recommendation 3: To seek infrastructural and other synergies with existing NDEP funded projects and with bilateral nuclear cleanup projects.
Recommendation 4: To allocate sufficient complementary national funding to secure operational costs not funded by the NDEP grant.
Recommendation 5: To have a flexible technical and management approach in project design and implementation to account for regulatory and other uncertainties.
Recommendation 6: To ensure efficient knowledge sharing and collaboration between project implementing bodies and key external stakeholders.
For more information, please contact the authors: Dr Päivi Karhunen, Aalto University, paivi.karhunen [a] aalto.fi
Prof. Riitta Kosonen, Aalto University, riitta.kosonen [a] aalto.fi
1The seminar was organized virtually on 25 Nov. 2020. Its program and materials can be found here (link). The information presented in the Policy Brief is retrieved from the seminar presentations, unless otherwise indicated.
The energy supply in the Russian Federation is characterized by a large number of remote northern settlements which are powered by imported fossil fuel, mostly diesel fuel. Therefore, sustainable development of remote northern territories is a major challenge. One solution to this challenge is to increase the use of wind energy. The replacement of a majority of diesel power plants with wind power plants would reduce economic costs and environmental risks, and thus contribute to the sustainable development in the High North.
Recommendation 1. To invest in the construction of wind power plants in the High North with the plant capacity corresponding the demand of electrical capacity of the settlement. Initial investments represent the largest part of the wind power plant costs. These investments are paid off by using a natural renewable energy source.
Recommendation 2. To support research on the icing of wind power plants and the development of de-icing systems. Solving the icing problem is the key to the sustainable operation of wind turbines in the north.
Recommendation 3. To integrate wind power plants to existing power supply networks to create a smart grid system. This system would eliminate the risk of energy shortages caused by possible wind instability.
Recommendation 4. To raise public awareness about the benefits of clean and renewable energy through distributing information on television, organizing training courses for companies, and providing education in schools and universities.
NDI was represented by NDI Lead Coordinator professor Riitta Kosonen and project coordinator Hanna-Elina Koivisto in the 10th Northern Dimension Forum on 4 April 2019 organized by the Northern Dimension Business Council, the Association of European Business and Graduate School of Management of the St. Petersburg University in St. Petersburg, Russia. This year the event was held on the topic of “Sustainable development in the era of global change: growth factors and (un)known challenges”.
The event gathered over 200 participants representing EU, ND Partnerships, the Regional Councils, Russian and international companies, industries, authorities, universities and International Financial Institutions from ND countries, Belarus, Canada and the USA.
The event consisted of sessions and panel discussions on future challenges in the global political, economic and public spheres. Professor Kosonen was invited as a panelist in the plenary round table discussion on sustainable development of the Northern Dimension, global challenges and the regional answers. She introduced the ongoing NDI Think Tank Action and the identified topics of interest and future challenges by the ND Partnerships and the research community. The thematic policy-relevant research in environmental sphere, for example, is focused on co-creating research-based solutions and recommendations for action to curb black carbon emissions in the Arctic.
Riitta Kosonen during the plenary "Sustainable Development of the Northern Dimension: Global Challenges and the Regional Answers
Riitta Kosonen (NDI), Dace Resele, new Head of NDPC Secretariat and Paavo Lipponen, former Prime Minister of Finland
Is your organisation participating in an EU project or a flagship within the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region? Would you like to cooperate with countries outside the EU? If you are a Swedish organisation, you can apply for funding from the Swedish Institute to establish and develop networks in this area!
What is Third Country Participation?
Third Country Participation in the Baltic Sea region offers Swedish actors the opportunity to apply for project funding for the inclusion of actors from Russia or the countries of the EU Eastern Partnership in a current EU project or a flagship within the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region.
The projects applying for funding for Third Country Participation in the Baltic Sea region will contribute to economic, environmentally and socially sustainable growth in the Baltic Sea region and its immediate area. In the long term they will contribute to an increased integration in the region. The projects will work on a common challenge in the region and benefit all participating actors.
The projects should have a clear link to policies in the region: the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region and/or the EU Eastern Partnership.
A project may run for no longer than 2 years and no less than six months.
A project may apply for up to SEK 350,000 for a 1-year project and up to SEK 700,000 for a 2-year project.
Who can apply?
The main applicant has to be based in Sweden.
The application must include at least two actors in two different countries eligible for support, one of which is Sweden (as main applicant).
The funding is available for actors from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, Russian Federation, Sweden and Ukraine.
The application must be linked to a current EU project where one of the parties involved is the Swedish applicant. Alternatively, the application may be linked to a flagship under the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region in which the Swedish applicant is involved
The call for applications will open during the spring and close end of May 2019. Dates are still preliminary.
NORTHERN DIMENSION FUTURE FORUM ON HEALTH: Healthy Ageing DATE: Wednesday 28 November 2018, at 10:00 – 16:00 VENUE: Heureka, the Finnish Science Center, address: Tiedepuisto 1, Vantaa, Finland
Northern Dimension Future Forum on Health: Towards Healthy Ageing in the Northern Europe brings together decision-makers and top experts to discuss challenges and opportunities in creating support, services and environments enhancing health and wellbeing among senior citizens.
The Forum will revolve around the topical themes related to healthy ageing as a lifelong process of optimizing opportunities for improving and preserving physical, mental and social wellbeing, independence, and quality of life. The Forum will present recent research findings as well as innovative healthy ageing initiatives and concrete actions followed by moderated discussions with professionals and decision-makers.
You are kindly invited to register online here (link) by 17 November 2018.
The ND Future Forums are organized by the Northern Dimension Institute in collaboration with the four Northern Dimension Partnerships: Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP), Northern Dimension Partnership in Public Health and Social Well-being (NDPHS), Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics (NDPTL), and Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture (NDPC). The organization of the ND Future Forums is financially supported by the European Commission/DG NEAR and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. For more information visit: www.northerndimension.info
Emerging trade routes between Europe and Asia – Impacts of China’s Belt and Road Initiative on Northern Europe
DATE: Tuesday 20 November 2018, at 9:00 – 14:00 VENUE: Thon Hotel EU, Rue de la Loi 75, 1040 Brussels, Belgium
The Forum showcases recent research, policies and business initiatives in Northern Europe focusing on Euro-Asian railway connections and the Arctic maritime connections. The event features two knowledge arenas consisting of expert and practitioner interventions followed by decision maker comments and a moderated discussion.
The Northern Dimension (ND) is a joint policy of four equal partners: the European Union (EU), Russian Federation, Norway and Iceland aiming at supporting stability, well-being and sustainable development in the region by means of practical cooperation. The Northern Dimension Future Forums focus on issues, trends and challenges that will shape the future developments in the Northern Dimension priority themes (environment, transport & logistics, culture, and health & social wellbeing) throughout the ND area and need to be somehow addressed in all the ND countries and beyond. They serve as knowledge exchange and brainstorming platforms connecting researchers, academic experts, NGOs, business and policy-makers.
The ND Future Forums are organized by the Northern Dimension Institute in collaboration with the four Northern Dimension Partnerships: Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP), Northern Dimension Partnership in Public Health and Social Well-being (NDPHS), Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics (NDPTL), and Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture (NDPC). The organization of the ND Future Forums is financially supported by the European Commission/DG NEAR and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. For more information visit: northerndimension.info
The 5th International NDPC Forum, organized by the Russian Ministry of Culture jointly with the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture will be held in St. Petersburg, on November 14, 2018.
Urbanism as a part of modern culture will be the key topic of this year’s Forum.
The Forum is devoted to the development of the Northern Dimension regions through culture and creative industries. While last year the discussion centered on the advancement of cultural tourism and sustainable development, this time the focus will be primarily on the promotion of culture in modern cities.
In the post-industrial society, the cities come forward as the principal actors and competitors in the field of socio-cultural development. Therefore, new models are required of the city as an environment encouraging the progress of culture and creative industries, condensing and concentrating creative and intellectual energy. Such models are the key to stable economic growth and territorial development.
Urbanism will be considered from the standpoint of shaping the environment, stimulating a favorable social and economic climate and creative and intellectual potential of residents, as well as the preservation of historical and cultural heritage.
One of the main objectives of the Forum is to consider methods of using urban space as cultural clusters, as well as platforms to boost business and creative industries and acquaint the participants of the Forum with the possibility of renovating the urban environment in the historical and morphological framework of the territories.
The Forum is intended for entrepreneurs, experts in the field of creative industries, representatives of government bodies, cultural institutions and public organizations.
The Northern Dimension Future Forums will focus on issues, trends and challenges that will shape the future developments in the Northern Dimension (ND) priority themes (environment, transport & logistics, culture, and health & social wellbeing) throughout the ND area and need to be somehow addressed in all the ND countries and beyond. Such issues include, for example, role of creative industries in renewing innovation and industries, role of renewable energy, automatization of transport, increasing antimicrobial resistance of bacteria, and digitalization as an overarching theme to name just a few relevant examples. The ND Future Forums will facilitate decision makers in tackling future challenges and pinning down future potential thereby contributing to sustainable economic progress in the ND area.
Northern Dimension Future Forums in 2018:
Creating a better world through cultural and creative crossovers DATE: Thu 15th Nov 2018, at 12.00-16.00 VENUE: Hotel Radisson Sonya, Liteyny Prospekt 5/19, St. Petersburg, Russia
Registration is open and can be found here (link).
Emerging trade routes between Europe and Asia – Impacts of China’s Belt and Road Initiative on Northern Europe DATE: Tue 20th November 2018, at 9.00 - 14.00 VENUE: Thon Hotel EU, Rue de la Loi 75, Brussels, Belgium
The ND Future Forums will be organized by ND Institute in cooperation with the ND Partnerships. The events are organized with support of the European Commission and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. The Forums are free of charge and open to everyone interested in the topic.
6 countries have signed the Agreement on the Establishment of the Secretariat of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture (NDPC). The official signing ceremony between the governments of the Republic of Finland, the Republic of Latvia, the Kingdom of Norway, the Republic of Poland, the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of Sweden was held on 28 May at the Ministry of Culture of Latvia.
NDPC focuses on improving operational conditions for cultural and creative industries, bridging the gap between various sources of funding and strengthening cooperation between project owners, business communities, the public sector and international institutions throughout Northern Europe, and facilitates state, regional and private funding attraction for the implementation of significant cultural and creative industries projects in Finland, Latvia, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden.
Source: NDPC website. Photos from the signing ceremony can be found at the NDPC website.
Venue: The Swedish Representation to the EU, Square de Meeus 30 Time: Tuesday 5 June 8:30-13:00 followed by Barents Cooperation 25 Years Anniversary Lunch (Arctic seafood and refreshments)
The Barents cooperation, covering northernmost Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia, is a unique cooperation in the European Arctic
Through 25 years, it has delivered high-level dialogue in the region along with everyday people-to-people collaboration and regional cooperation. It is a unique platform that involves the EU as a participating partner, together with Iceland and Denmark and representatives from the indigenous communities.
The Arctic is of enhanced importance due to increasing challenges that also delivers new opportunities.
It is of immense importance to keep the low-tension in the region to be able to tackle the common global challenges, building on a day-to-day, local and regional collaboration over the borders in the European Arctic region.
The seminar will discuss how the Barents cooperation these 25 years have been of great importance and a best practice for cross-border cooperation in Northern Europe, and how we see the Barents cooperation develop into the future.
High-level speakers and practitioners from Sweden, Norway, Finland, Russia and the EU will present the best practices for cross-border cooperation in the Barents region followed by a “Talking Barents” panel debate.
OPEN CALL: REFINERY 2018-2019 Refinery of Sustainable Cultural Tourism Products in the Northern Dimension Area
The project is looking for participants from the field of tourism and creative industry to develop sustainable cultural tourism products and services
Application deadline 25.5.2018 Open to applicants from Finland, Sweden, Norway, Russia, Lithuania and Germany
WHAT IS REFINERY? The project enhances the collaboration between the tourism and creative industries within the Barents and Baltic Sea regions. The main target is to create sustainable cultural tourism products and services to each participating region. The project brings professionals from the creative field and from the tourism sector together and organizes service design workshops where participants create new ideas for products and services together.
PROJECT ACTIVITIES The set of three service design workshops includes the basic knowledge of service design, its concepts and methods. The approach is practical. Participants develop ideas and make “fast and dirty” service prototypes together. Workshops are led by facilitator and service designer Elisa Lahti MA (Master of Art and Design). She has several years of experience from various workshops, including service design, product development and professional identification.
SCHEDULE Information letters to the selected participants 8/18-9/18 1. Workshop Petrozavodsk, Karelia, Russia 10/18 2. Workshop Vilnius, Lithuania 12/18 3. Workshop Rovaniemi, Finland 2/19 or 6/19 Final task for participants 9/19 Participants provide a description of developed/tested services/products 11/19
WHO CAN APPLY Professionals from the creative field and from the tourism sector, individuals or organisations, with an idea or pilot project and strong interest to develop new products or services to the field of cultural tourism from Finland, Sweden, Norway, Russia, Lithuania and Germany.
HOW TO APPLY Participants can apply with an informal application letter with the brief description of the service/product they are willing to develop during the project. Maximum length 1 A4.
Send the application with a title “Refinery application” by 25th May to Refinery –project assistant ninni.korkalo(at)gmail.com
PROJECT COVERS The project will offer three moderated workshops (Petrozavodsk, Vilnius and Rovaniemi) and provide participants with meals (mainly lunches and coffees) and accommodation during their stay in above mentioned cities. Project budget does not allow for a daily allowances or airport transfers but you can contact our project team about travel costs reimbursement.
Project is supported by Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland and operated by Ministry of Education and Culture, Arts Promotion Centre Finland in co-operation with regional cultural authorities.
The first shipment of spent nuclear fuel left the base in Andreeva Bay in June 2017, marking a crucial milestone in overcoming the legacy of the former Soviet Northern Fleet and its nuclear-powered submarines.
Under an international initiative financed by the Nuclear Window of the Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership (NDEP) over 22,000 spent nuclear fuel assemblies, which are currently stored at Andreeva Bay, will be retrieved, packaged and removed from the site. The process is being carried out by SevRAO, part of Russia’s state atomic energy corporation, Rosatom.
The Nuclear Window is part of the NDEP’s Support Fund, which was set up in July 2002 by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to pool contributions from donors for the improvement of the environment in north-west Russia.
The spent nuclear fuel comes from over 100 reactors from more than 50 nuclear submarines and has been stored at Andreeva Bay for the past 35 years. The radioactive material is currently held in dry storage units, some of which are damaged and leaking. The base was closed in 1992 and poses a serious environmental risk.
The strategy for removing the spent fuel from the dry storage units was developed by Russia and international experts under funding from the United Kingdom in 2002, and included building an enclosure over the dry storage units, retrieval of the spent fuel using a machine to provide protection for staff at all times, and repacking the spent fuel into new canisters. The canisters are subsequently transferred to specialised 40-tonne casks for further transportation.
The casks will be stored in the so-called accumulation pad and then transported to the pier by a purpose-built 50-tonne trolley. A specially designed pier crane will load them onto the Rossita, a ship built in – and financed by – Italy and designed to standards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) for the transportation of spent nuclear fuel.
From Andreeva Bay the casks will be shipped by the Rossita to Murmansk. Here the cargo will be moved to purpose-built railway wagons and transported to its final destination, the nuclear reprocessing plant Mayak in Chelyabinsk near the Ural Mountains. Mayak has the necessary infrastructure and skilled resources for the final handling of the spent nuclear fuel.
This video tells the story of EBRD's and NDEP's work to help Russia overcome the legacy of the Soviet nuclear fleet.
IV Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture Forum New cultural routes and sustainable development - from theory to practice
IV International NDPC Forum is organized by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation along with the Northern Dimension Partnership on Culture on 18 November 2017 traditionally in St. Petersburg under the auspices of the VI St. Petersburg International Cultural Forum.
The Forum as during the previous years is dedicated to development of the “Northern Dimension” region through means of culture. However, if in the focus of last year's discussion there were basically all sectors of the creative and cultural industries, this time the Forum will mainly focus on the cultural tourism, and this choice is not random.
In the context of globalization cultural tourism is seen as an effective tool for managing intercultural dialogue and social partnerships, a mechanism for the region inclusion into the world cultural markets - in other words, there are reasonably high expectations for this sector as a booster for territorial development.
What makes a project sustainable? How can various creative initiatives contribute to the sector development and sustainable growth? How to go global? How to influence local cultural policies? Or, perhaps, it is high time to take active part in their design? All these questions will be covered within The Forum discussions.
Having gained and analysed data of previous Forums, we are passing to the important step from the overview and defining basic terms of CCI to practical solutions. The Forum aims to figure out new vectors for the development of the region, identify tools and methods of cultural project design using the example of relevant regional and international cases, outline a new agenda for the development of the creative tourism in the region and the ways the sector can contribute to efficient cultural policy making.
The first plenary session, aiming at overviewing the region in the whole, will focus on projects that have potential to shape new cultural routes and unite various cities and districts through common projects. The mechanisms of interaction between all participants of this sector, and tools to make local product competitive both locally and internationally.
The second plenary session is dedicated to the cultural specialization of smaller cities. Specific local cases will show creative potential of various districts, the needs, challenges and ways to meet them in order to contribute to the economic growth and raise the quality of life in districts.
This year the Forum will propose a format for active participation. The business game will offer an interactive practice oriented approach. Leading Russian and foreign experts will teach practical skills of project design and market analysis. These skills are considered to help participants to build bridges that will lead from theory to practice.
The forum is addressed to entrepreneurs, experts in creative and cultural industries, governments and policy makers, cultural activists, local communities.
Interested in history and regional cooperation in the Baltic Sea.
Ready to learn, discuss topics linked to the history & current affairs in the Baltic Sea Region
and meet new people with similar interests.
Come from Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway,Poland, the Russian Federation, Sweden, Belarus, France, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America.
Fluent in English.
A gathering for future teachers interested in Baltic Sea Region history and cooperation.
Are you studying to be a teacher?
Are you looking to expand your network and meet inspiring people from the region?
The Baltic Sea Youth Dialogue invites you to increase your knowledge and get inspiration for your future work as a teacher!
Baltic Sea Youth Dialogue 2017
Baltic Sea regional cooperation is vital for tackling the challenges of today and finding solutions for tomorrow. Baltic Sea Youth Dialogue 2017 aims to bring regional cooperation into perspective engaging future generations. Therefore, we offer a week-long session of seminars and workshops to students from the Baltic Sea Region and beyond. The Baltic Sea Youth Dialogue 2017 will take place in Helsinki (4 days) and St. Petersburg (3 days) and focus on history, culture, politics and the need for cross-border cooperation.
We will contact the selected participants shortly after. Accommodation, catering, transfer from Helsinki to St. Petersburg will be provided by the organisers and the reimbursement of travel expenses is guaranteed up to 200 EUR for each participant.
Cooperation in innovation, research and development is a key dimension in the relations between the European Union and Russia. In this context ERA.Net RUS Plus has implemented a Joint Call for transnational and scientifically excellent research projects in two funding lines: one for 'Innovation projects', and one for 'S&T projects' between 2014 and 2016. The second call round, the ‘ERA.Net RUS Plus Call 2017’ will continue the support of ‘S&T projects’ in the fields of Nanotechnologies, Health, Environment/Climate Change, Social Sciences & Humanities and Robotics as well as the support of ‘Innovation projects’.
We invite you to take part in the 14th International Conference of the Russian Society for Ecological Economics “Ecological and economic problems of development of regions and countries (sustainable development, management of natural resources)”
Date: 3.7.2017-7.7.2017 Place: Petrozavodsk, Russia Webpage: http://RSEE.org
RSEE-2017 Conference continues the tradition of the Russian Society for Ecological Economics (RSEE) to organize meetings of scientists, graduate and post-graduate students and professionals, where they discuss the results of basic and applied research on ecological economics.
The 14th conference in Petrozavodsk will be devoted to the discussion of topical issues in the field of sustainable development of countries and regions, methodology and practices of establishing and developing the economic mechanism of nature management and environmental protection, including payments for the use of natural resources and environmental impact, assessment and elimination of accumulated environmental damage, development of environmental target programs, management of ecological and economic systems, the problem of interactions between authorities, business and civil society, environmental safety.
Prospective thematic areas of the conference: • environmental policy in Russia and around the world; • economic instruments for regulating the use of natural resources and environmental protection; • ecological and economic problems of development of northern and border regions; • development of methods for estimation of economic damage from environmental pollution; elimination of accumulated environmental damage; • interactions between authorities, business and the civil society in dealing with ecological and economic problems; • environmental and economic problems of Karelia; • the problem of resource- and energy-saving; • the effectiveness of nature conservation activities; • ecological-economic modeling in the field of sustainable development; • economic environmental impact assessment and expert review.
Conference languages - Russian and English. Interpretation will be provided during sessions.
Important Dates April 15: Submission of Abstracts (200 words) and Application Form (see below) May 1: Acceptance notification and Second Announcement-Invitation with the rules for submission of Extended Abstracts (up to 4 pages) for publication. May 20: Submission of Extended Abstracts, and Early Registration June 15: Preliminary Program
BSR Policy Briefing: The EU-Russia relations and their reflections in the Baltic Sea region - Some recommendations for policy-makers
By Stanislav L. Tkachenko
Since the early spring 2014 the European Union-Russia relations are in a deep crisis. Re-evaluation of principles and aims of the EU relations with Russia has been done at the level of communitarian structures in Brussels as well as by all EU member states. Multiple Russia’s attempts to destroy unity of the EU countries regarding rejection to recognize integration of Crimea into Russian Federation have failed. EU member states and the Union’s structures see Russia as fighting actor in the bloody conflict in Eastern Ukraine, but Russia ignores these claims. Current stalemate situation requires innovative steps for restoration of dialogue between the two entities. First of all, it is crucially important for the Baltic Sea Region as the only area where the EU and Russia have common land border. Future dialogue should be grounded at principles of mutual rejection of economic and visa sanctions, as well as on confidence-building measures, especially in hard-security issues. New Foreign Policy Concept of Russian Federation, which was adopted on November 30 2016, provides solid political and legal ground for these initiatives.
From 2013 onwards Centrum Balticum has published BSR Policy Briefing series. Articles of Baltic Sea Region experts dealing with topical and significant issues of the region are published in the series.
December 1 marked World AIDS Day, the purpose of which is to increase global awareness of the disease. Researchers from HSE’s campus in St. Petersburg have spent the last two years studying a movement of individuals called ‘AIDS dissidents,’ or people who deny the existence of AIDS. Peter Meylakhs, Senior Research Fellow with the International Centre for Health Economics, Management, and Policy at HSE St. Petersburg, Russia discusses the phenomenon in detail
Russia's capacity market and capacity remuneration mechanisms (CRMs) have not been effective in achieving the so called energy trilemma goals: energy security, sustainability and affordability. This is the finding of a doctoral dissertation at Lappeenranta University of Technology, LUT.
The results show that implemented CRMs can guarantee Russia's energy security in the short term. However, the current capacity market design cannot provide market-based incentives to invest in new power plants, thereby undermining the provision of energy security in the future. CRMs for renewable energy alone will not suffice to achieve the sustainability goals set by the policy makers, at least in the short term. At the same time, CRMs, capacity payments, and challenges faced in the wholesale electricity result in high final consumer electricity cost, incentivising consumers to leave the market.
Capacity remuneration means that power producers receive capacity payments, which should cover their investments in new power plants within 10 to 20 years, while agreeing on building contracted capacity on time. However, the implementation of CRMs, together with overestimation of the demand growth, has resulted in a capacity oversupply in Russia. This has increased the amount of the old capacity that receives capacity payments to stay in the market in order for the system to stay reliable.
"As a result, capacity payments question the design of the capacity market and impact on the final consumer capacity price, and thus, result in an energy affordability issue," explains Evgenia Vanadzina,researcher behind the study.
The Managing Authority of the South-East Finland – Russia CBC 2014-2020 Programme invites organisations and individuals interested on cross-border cooperation programme and its financing opportunities to the open information seminars held in the programme core regions. The events are organized in Mikkeli, Kotka and Lappeenranta in Finland andSt. Petersburg in Russia during November-December 2016.
The Nordic Ministers for the Environment have launched a new co-operation programme aimed at improving the state of the environment and addressing climate change in Northwest Russia. The programme will support a range of projects at the local and regional level and is expected to yield environmental benefits even in in the Nordic and Baltic regions.
The programme will be launched in early 2017 with a call for proposals targeted at non-commercial environmental and climate projects involving partners from the Nordic countries and Northwest Russia. Read more on the Norden website.
The German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Russian Science Foundation (RSF) have launched a new call for proposals in the fields of Life Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities on 15 September 2016. The submission deadline is 12 December 2016.
Russian International Affair Council's report examines non-regional actors’ interests in the Arctic, their policy frameworks in the region and principal areas of Arctic studies. Authors also explore the Asian states’ positions on the international status of the Arctic. Specific attention is given to the prospects of cooperation between Russia and India, China, Republic of Korea, Japan, Singapore in developing the region.
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